As part of our discussion on the history and research of symbolism in gargoyles let’s continue to explore one of the most important and astonishing topics in their iconography. In a previous post I talked about facial expressiveness and today we’re going to start discovering other facial expressions and bodily gestures in gargoyle imagery.

I invite you to venture with me into the world of gesturality in these amazing stone beings, and we’ll begin with one of the most commonly seen gestures in gargoyles. It’s the gesture of lifting the hands up to the mouth and tugging on it towards the sides of the face. Historian Janetta Rebold Benton links this gesture with the sin of gluttony, likening the images to devouring giants. She says it could also be connected to the torment endured by Christ from people who spat on him, hit him and pulled at his hair. However, for this author, this gesture should be seen more as something comical, joyful and carefree; in England these funny faces and grimaces are traditionally depicted in choir stalls, an art that’s closely linked to gargoyle iconography.

Likewise, this gesture could be associated with hell and the diabolical. In passage 92 of the Pagina Meditationum by mystic Margarita de Oingt (13th century), in which she writes about her vision of hell, she says: “Afterwards they will send them from torment to another. They will be so hungry that they will eat their tongues and hands out of necessity”.

 

 

arte historia investigación

Man pulling at his mouth. City Hall in Brussels (Belgium).

 

gárgola arte expresividad

Man pulling at his mouth. Church of Our Lady in Trier (Germany).

 

gárgola demonio serpiente

Demon pulling at his mouth. Salamanca Cathedral (Spain).

 

arte gárgola investigación

Man pulling at his mouth. Ciudad Rodrigo Cathedral (Spain).

 

gárgolas de animales

Monkey pulling at its mouth. Burgos Cathedral (Spain).

 

arte historia gárgolas

Man pulling at his mouth. Burgos Cathedral (Spain).

 

monstruos en arte

Animal monster pulling at its mouth. Ávila Cathedral (Spain).

 

gárgolas arte medieval

Human pulling at his mouth. San Quirce Church in Los Ausines, Burgos (Spain).

 

gárgolas en arte

Woman pulling at her mouth with a child’s head looking out. Batalha Monastery (Portugal). 

 

arte historia investigación

Demon pulling at his mouth. Aachen Cathedral (Germany).

 

The pose of tugging at other parts of the body and the head appears frequently in gargoyles and is a gesture or movement that expresses a feeling and an intention. There are figures that pull at their breasts or nipples; others pull at their hair, probably as a sign of anger or madness; or at their ears… Sometimes we see beings pulling at their beards, possibly a gesture of pain or suffering.

 

 

desnudo en gárgolas

Woman pulling at her nipples. Batalha Monastery (Portugal).

 

gárgolas en historia

Human pulling at his hair. Ciudad Rodrigo Cathedral (Spain).

 

desnudo gárgola investigación

Man pulling at his beard. Aachen Cathedral (Germany).

 

gárgolas arte investigación

Human pulling at his hair. San Quirce Church in Los Ausines, Burgos (Spain).

 

gárgola arte historia

Human pulling at his hair or headdress. Aachen Cathedral (Germany).

 

gárgolas de humanos

Man pulling at his beard. Batalha Monastery (Portugal).

 

arte grotesco investigación

Man pulling at his beard. Plasencia Cathedral (Spain).

 

antropomorfo gárgola monstruo

Anthropomorphous pulling at his beard. House of Shells in Salamanca (Spain).

 

Another gesture that appears frequently is that of lifting one or two hands to the throat or the neck. According to Rebold Benton, the hand on the throat has been described as the sign of the order of artisan officials in medieval France (signe à l’ordre du compagnon). In this case, the hand would be placed in such a way that the thumb forms a right-angle like a set-square. Another interpretation is related to warning of the dangers of misusing anything that passes through the throat (food, drink, words), or it may also be linked with Adam and Eve and the apple and a reminder of Original Sin and the Fall.

Gargoyles with great expressive strength, with gestures linked to emotions and intense, painful feelings, sculpted with skill and imagination.

 

 

arte investigación historia

Man with hand on his throat. City Hall in Brussels (Belgium).

 

gárgolas neogótico arte

Man with both hands on his throat. Church of Our Lady in Trier (Germany).

 

gárgola arte medieval

Man with hand on his throat. Burgos Cathedral (Spain). 

 

gárgolas monstruos demonios

Demon with hand on his throat. Burgos Cathedral (Spain).

 

gárgolas expresividad arte

Woman with hand on her throat. Bordeaux Cathedral (France).

 

gárgolas arte historia

Woman with hand on her throat. Bordeaux Cathedral (France).

 

gárgola monstruo grotesco

Demon with hand on his throat. Aachen Cathedral (Germany).

 

 

 

Bibliography consulted

CIRLOT, V. y GARÍ, B., La mirada interior. Escritoras místicas y visionarias en la Edad Media, Madrid, Ediciones Siruela, S. A., 2008.

REBOLD BENTON, J., Holy Terrors. Gargoyles on medieval buildings, New York, Abbeville Press, 1997.

 

 

 

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